In Short


In his foreknowledge and power God governs the world.

“The plans of the LORD stand firm forever,
the purposes of his heart through all generations.”
Psalm 33:11

“For the LORD Almighty has purposed, and who can thwart him? His hand is stretched out, and who can turn it back?”
Isaiah 14:27

“In him we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will.”
Ephesians 1:11


God governs the world for the good of his people.

“And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose.”
Romans 8:28

“But the eyes of the LORD are on those who fear him,
on those whose hope is in his unfailing love,
to deliver them from death
and keep them alive in famine.”
Psalm 33:18-19

“‘For I know the plans I have for you,’ declares the LORD, ‘plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future.'”
Jeremiah 29:11


God provides for all creatures primarily through natural means.

“You, LORD, preserve both people and animals.”
Psalm 36:6

“The eyes of all look to you,
and you give them their food at the proper time.”
Psalm 145:15

“Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or drink; or about your body, what you will wear. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothes? Look at the birds of the air; they do not sow or reap or store away in barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not much more valuable than they?”
Matthew 6:25-26