Peter was a disciple of Jesus whom most consider to be the leader of the disciples following Jesus’ ascension into heaven. During Jesus’ ministry, he was one of three disciples chosen by Christ to be part of his “inner circle” of disciples who were allowed to witness even more events than the other nine disciples. Although he disowned Jesus before Jesus’ crucifixion (Matthew 26:69-75), the Lord forgave him and encouraged him in his role as an apostle. Peter, also known as “Simon” and “Cephas,” mostly ministered to the Jews in Jerusalem, but church history suggests that he eventually served in Rome and was executed during the reign of Nero.
1st century A.D.